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Nidelice 28 Bld Jean Bourrel Carcassonne LA 11500
0963401510
AUTO CITE - Concessionnaire Peugeot - Groupe Audoise Automobile Saint-Jean de l'Arnouze, 11880 Carcassonne, France
+33 4 68 47 70 00
Phoebus energies & environnements 59 Rue de la Liberté, 11000 Carcassonne, France
+33 6 11 20 48 17
Monziols-Durand Anne 55 Boulevard Barbès, 11000 Carcassonne, France
+33 4 68 11 20 95
Agence AXA M Sauviac Jean Philippe 26 Rue Georges Brassens, 11000 Carcassonne, France
+33 4 68 25 14 57
Broy Philippe Broy-Besset Muriel Boissier Jérôme et Vasquez Marie SCP des Docteurs Vétérinaires 28 Avenue du Maréchal Juin, 11000 Carcassonne, France
+33 4 68 25 02 50
Expert Boulevard denis papin - z.i. la bouriette, 11000 Carcassonne, France
+33 4 68 72 55 55
LIDL Rue Claude Chappe, 11000 Carcassonne, France
+33 800 00 54 35
Sarl Signe Manon 4 Rue Cros Mayrevieille, 11000 Carcassonne, France
+33 9 51 01 11 34
Passion Automobile BMW - MINI Avenue du Général Leclerc, 11000 Carcassonne, France
+33 4 68 47 14 14
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About Carcassonne

Carcassonne

 

 

 

 

Panorama of the Cité de Carcassonne 

Panorama of the Cité de Carcassonne

 

 

 

Carcassonne  is a fortified French town in the Aude department, of which it is the prefecture, in the Region of Languedoc-Roussillon.

Occupied since the Neolithic, Carcassonne is located in the Aude plain between two great axes of circulation linking the Atlantic to the Mediterranean sea and the Massif Central to the Pyrénées. Its strategic importance was quickly recognized by the Romans who occupied its hilltop until the demise of their western empire and was later taken over by the Visigoths in the fifth century who founded the city. Also thriving as a trading post due to its location, it saw many rulers who successively built up its fortifications up until its military significance was greatly reduced by the Treaty of the Pyrenees in 1659.

The city is famous for the Cité de Carcassonne, a medieval fortress restored by the theorist and architect Eugène Viollet-le-Duc in 1853 and added to the UNESCO list of World Heritage Sites in 1997.[1] Consequently, Carcassonne greatly profits from tourism but also counts manufacture and wine-making as some of its other key economic sectors.


 

 

 

Main sights

 

 

 

Fortified City Wall

 

 

 

The fortified city itself consists essentially of a concentric design of two outer walls with 53 towers and barbicans to prevent attack by siege engines. The castle itself possesses its own drawbridge and ditch leading to a central keep. The walls consist of towers built over quite a long period.[3] One section is Roman and is notably different from the medieval walls with the tell-tale red brick layers and the shallow pitch terracotta tile roofs. One of these towers housed the Catholic Inquisition in the 13th Century and is still known as "The Inquisition Tower".

Carcassonne was struck off the roster of official fortifications under Napoleon and the Restoration, and the fortified cité of Carcassonne fell into such disrepair that the French government decided that it should be demolished. A decree to that effect that was made official in 1849 caused an uproar. The antiquary and mayor of Carcassonne, Jean-Pierre Cros-Mayrevieille, and the writer Prosper Mérimée, the first inspector of ancient monuments, led a campaign to preserve the fortress as a historical monument. Later in the year the architect Eugène Viollet-le-Duc, already at work restoring the Basilica of Saint-Nazaire, was commissioned to renovate the place.

In 1853, works began with the west and southwest walling, followed by the towers of the porte Narbonnaise and the principal entrance to the cité. The fortifications were consolidated here and there, but the chief attention was paid to restoring the roofing of the towers and the ramparts, where Viollet-le-Duc ordered the destruction of structures that had encroached against the walls, some of them of considerable age. Viollet-le-Duc left copious notes and drawings on his death in 1879, when his pupil Paul Boeswillwald, and later the architect Nodet continued the rehabilitation of Carcassonne.

The restoration was strongly criticized during Viollet-le-Duc's lifetime. Fresh from work in the north of France, he made the error of using slates and restoring the roofs as point-free environment. Yet, overall, Viollet-le-Duc's achievement at Carcassonne is agreed to be a work of genius, though not of the strictest authenticity.

The folk etymology – involving a châtelaine named Carcas, a ruse ending a siege and the joyous ringing of bells ("Carcassona") – though memorialized in a neo-Gothic sculpture of Mme. Carcas on a column near the Narbonne Gate, is of modern invention. The name can be derived as an augmentative of the name Carcas.

 

 


In culture

 

 

 

 

 

 

Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carcassonne


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